Configure daily update checks
If you would like to be notified of available updates the day they become available, open the Software & Updates application and set the following options:
Are you unable to get a list of updates?
You may run into the following error message when attempting to check for updates for the first time:
Unable to get list of updates: Failed to update metadata for lvfs: checksum failure: failed to verify data, expected yJcztsgVmmvtkn9na5YyQVdyqFNIXlzYUgrACKX
Run the following command to fix the issue:
$ fwupdmgr --force refresh
Enable unattended upgrades
If you would like to enable the automatic and unattended downloading and installation of security upgrades, run the follwoing command:
$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure unattended-upgrades
Configuring unattended-upgrades Automatically donwload and install stable updates? Yes
If you have installed Debian 11 on a laptop, consider installing TLP to further optimise battery life.
$ sudo apt-get install tlp
Enable Network Manager to manage all interfaces
Network manager detects and configures network interfaces to automatically connect your system to available networks. By default, it will only recongnise network interfaces not declared in
/etc/network/interfaces. If you want NetworkManager to manage all interfaces, open NetworkManager.conf with the following command:
$ sudo nano /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf
Make the following change:
Restart NetworkManager with the following command:
$ sudo service NetworkManager restart
Install Syncthing for continuous file synchronisation
Syncthing synchronises files between two or more computers. Its usefulness cannot be overestimated. Add the release key with the following command:
$ sudo curl -s -o /usr/share/keyrings/syncthing-archive-keyring.gpg https://syncthing.net/release-key.gpg
Add the syncthing repository with the following command:
$ sudo echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/syncthing-archive-keyring.gpg] https://apt.syncthing.net/ syncthing stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/syncthing.list
Install syncthing on your system with the following command:
$ sudo -- bash -c 'apt update && apt install syncthing'
Enable syncthing for the local user
$ sudo -- bash -c 'systemctl enable firstname.lastname@example.org && systemctl start email@example.com && systemctl status firstname.lastname@example.org'
Access the Syncthing configuration page by using your browser to navigate to the following address:
If you would like to enable direct connections for faster synchronisation, configure
ufw with the following command:
$ sudo ufw allow syncthing
Replace Firefox ESR with Epiphany
Firefox ESR appears to be stuck on version 78 for the time being. Inconsistencies relating to the use of graphics libraries are preventing the planned upgrade. If you would like to side-step the issue and replace Firefox ESR with GNOME Web (Epiphany), use the following command:
$ sudo -- bash -c 'apt-get install --show-progress epiphany-browser && apt-get remove --show-progress --purge firefox-esr'
Neofetch is a command-line tool that displays information about your system next to an operating system logo.
$ sudo apt-get install neofetch
If you would like
neofetch to display every time you open a new terminal, open .bashrc with the following command:
$ nano ~/.bashrc
Add the following text at the end of the file:
# use Neofetch to display information about the system if [ -f /usr/bin/neofetch ]; then clear && neofetch; fi
Apply the changes with the following command:
$ source ~/.bashrc
Hide the snap directory
snap directory in your home folder is not supposed to be accessed manually. Use the following command to hide it from view:
$ echo snap >> ~/.hidden
Hide the Desktop directory
The Desktop feature was disabled in GNOME 3.28. While this decision was not universally popular, developers pointed to the fact that, as an unmaintained feature, it stood the way of other improvements. Use the following command to hide the associated
Desktop folder from view:
$ echo Desktop >> ~/.hidden
Install Virtual Machine Manager
If you would like run virtual machines from your desktop, start with the following command:
$ grep -E --color 'svm|vmx' /proc/cpuinfo
If the output shows
vmx in red, then the virtualization extensions are enabled and you are good to go.
Proceed to install
virt-manager with the following command:
$ sudo apt-get install virt-manager libguestfs-tools python3-guestfs
With only members of the group
libvirt allowed to run
virt-manager, add the local user
bullseye to the group:
$ sudo adduser bullseye libvirt
Install Google Chrome
Google Chrome is available neither as a snap nor flatpak. This ties in with what Martin Wimpress had to say in a recent episode of the LINUX Unplugged podcast.
If, after listening to Martin, you would still like to use Google Chrome, download the official Google Chrome for Linux installer with the following command:
$ wget -P ~/Downloads --show-progress https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
Install Google Chrome with the following command:
$ sudo dpkg -i ~/Downloads/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
When you launch Google Chrome for the first time, it will ask you to:
[ ] make Google Chrome the default browser [ ] Automatically send usage statistics and crash reports to Google OK
Disable both these options. If required, you can always re-enable them later.
With reference to Joey Sneddon and OMG!Ubuntu!